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Deep groove ball bearings

Photo: Deep groove ball bearings

The most typical type of bearing, these are used in a wide range of fields. They include grease-enclosed sealed and shield bearings for ease of use.

Other types include bearings with a locating snap-ring to facilitate positioning when mounting the outer ring, expansion compensating bearings that absorb variations in bearing fitting surface dimensions due to housing temperature, and TAB bearings that are resistant to contamination in lubricating oil.

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Four-point contact ball bearings

Photo: Four-point contact ball bearings

These are angular contact ball bearings with the inner ring divided into two. When the outer ring and inner ring are pushed in the radial direction, the balls make contact with the inner ring and outer ring at four points. One bearing is able to bear an axial load from both directions, and can be used in a two-point contact state under a general pure axial load or under a composite load with large axial load.

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Cylindrical roller bearings

Photo: Cylindrical roller bearings

These use rollers as the rolling elements and have a high load capacity. The rollers are guided by the ribs of the inner or outer ring. The inner and outer rings can be separated to facilitate assembly, and both can be fitted tightly.

On types with no ribs, either the inner or the outer ring can move freely in the axial direction, making cylindrical roller bearings ideal for use in free side bearings that absorb shaft expansion.

On types with ribs, the bearing can bear a slight axial load between the roller end surfaces and the ribs. Cylindrical roller bearings include the HT type that modifies the shape of roller end surfaces and ribs to increase axial load capacity, and the E type that has a special internal design to increase radial load capacity. The E type is standard for small-diameter sizes.

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Tapered roller bearings

Photo: Tapered roller bearings

Tapered roller bearings are designed so the inner and outer ring raceway and the apex of the tapered rollers intersect at one point on the bearing centerline. For this reason, the rollers are pushed against the inner ring rib and roll guided by the rib, receiving the loads from the inner ring raceway surface and the outer ring raceway surface as a combined load on the raceway surface.

Component force is produced in the axial direction when a radial load is applied, so the bearings must be used in pairs. The inner ring with rollers and outer ring separate, facilitating mounting with clearance or preload. However, assembled clearance is hard to manage and calls for attention. Tapered roller bearings are capable of supporting large loads, both axial and radial.

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Spherical roller bearings

Photo: Spherical roller bearings

These bearings have an outer ring with a spherical track surface, and an inner ring that encloses two rows of barrel-shaped rolling elements.

Various types exist that differ by internal design, including bearings with a tapered bore inner caliber. The bearings are easily mounted on the shaft with an adapter or un-mounting sleeve, and are used in many industrial machines for their high load capacity. Potential troubles include one row bearing no load when axial load is large, calling for attention to usage conditions.

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Insulated Bearings MEGAOHMTM Series

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IC Tag Integrated Bearings

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Photo: IC Tag Integrated BearingsIC Tag Integrated Bearing

Railway Bearings

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Photo: Ball and Roller BearingsBall and Roller Bearings

Spherical plain bearings

Photo: Spherical plain bearings

Self-aligning bearings with sliding spherical surfaces which can support radial loads or axial loads in both directions. Ideal for vibrating or aligning movement and is widely used in construction machinery and industrial machinery.

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